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Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy in women who didn't previously have it. It affects 2-10% of pregnant women and usually appears around the middle of the pregnancy. The problem lies in the body's insulin production and usage. During pregnancy, increased hormones and other changes make the body's cells less responsive to insulin, leading to high blood sugar.

While often manageable with healthy eating and regular exercise, gestational diabetes can pose risks to both mother and baby if left untreated. High blood sugar can lead to complications like preeclampsia, high birth weight, and even birth defects. However, with proper monitoring, diet, and potentially medication, most women with gestational diabetes deliver healthy babies and their blood sugar levels return to normal after birth.

Knowing the risks of gestational diabetes before conception is crucial for both mom and baby's well-being. Early awareness empowers women to proactively adopt healthy lifestyle choices like maintaining a balanced diet and exercising regularly. These steps can potentially prevent or lessen the severity of gestational diabetes. Additionally, knowing the risk factors (like family history, obesity, or previous PCOS) can prompt preconception counseling and early testing, leading to quicker diagnosis and swifter implementation of a management plan. Early intervention can significantly reduce the likelihood of complications like birth defects, premature birth, and excessive birth weight, ensuring a smoother and healthier pregnancy journey for both mother and child. So, whether planning or already expecting, understanding gestational diabetes empowers women to take charge of their health and optimize their chances of a blissful pregnancy and joyful arrival.

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